The reindeer-herding community has now dwindled to around 40 families

Pascal Mannaerts travelled to the wilds of Mongolia to capture the reindeer herders of Mongolia

The Tsaatan reindeer herders have lived for thousands of years in the remote region of Ulaan Taiga. Moving their reindeer between five and 10 times each year, the hardy people search for cool plains upon which to feed their reindeer. They use the hair from the reindeer for their clothes, their milk for cheese and their dung for their fuel. Though due to interbreeding and illness, the reindeer-herding community has now dwindled to around 40 families. National Geographic writer Pascal Mannaerts decided to capture their way of life before it is lost forever.

The Tsaatan people originated from across the border in the Tuva republic of Russia.
The Tsaatan people were granted Mongolian citizenship in 1956 after many attempts at deportation
Children such as Tuvshinbayar learn to care for the reindeer from a young age
Reindeer do not cope well with the heat so the herders search for cooler plains in the summer months
Tsaatan people have made their home in yurts made with birch wood. They will use the bark from 30 trees to create one yurt
Milking the reindeer is one of their daily tasks
Bolorma is getting ready to turn the milk ration into cheese the family
Just one of the Tsaatan families. From left, Bolorma, Ulziitsetseg, Tuvshinbayar, Ulziichimig, Narahuu and Ulziisaihan

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